English Landscape Garden

Stiftung Schloss Dyck, 41363 Jüchen, Fon (0 21 82) 824-0, Fax (0 21 82) 824-110

English Landscape Garden

After careful restoration, the park surrounding the moated castle presents itself in its original condition and invites visitors to discover rare plants in a unique atmosphere. Between 1820 and 1835, in the spirit of Age of Enlightenment, it was designed as an early English landscape garden. The lord of the castle, Prince Joseph zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck, who himself was a passionate botanist and plant collector, commissioned the Scottish garden architect Thomas Blaikie with its design. His brief was to include the Orangerie, which was already in the style of an English landscape park with the island and parterre gardens and to add a rambling arboretum with rare tree and shrub species. Blaikie fulfilled his brief very successfully in close cooperation with his employer. Exotic species from all over Europe were shipped to Dyck and planted in adequate places. The garden architect Blaikie, who had already made a name for himself in France, designed forest paths and shady avenues. They lead to generous park areas. Rambling meadows, gently rolling hills and water surfaces provide soft outlines. Against the backdrop of the historic moated castle, groups of trees and solitary trees of rare size and beauty are shown off to their advantage and highlight the baroque architecture. Sometimes, picturesquely designed nature is a backdrop, at other times it is the main motive of the picture composition. Today precious trees, which are unparalleled Europe-wide as far as age and variety of species are concerned, inhabit the 53-hectare area. Giant yew trees and redwood trees, bald cypress and tulip tree, the Korean poplar or the sweet gum are majestic appearances. Bear’s garlic, magnolias and ample rhododendrons present a spectacular flowerage in the spring. The meadows blossom and scent in June. Throughout the year, there is a colourful variety of plants in the parterre of the Orangerie. The autumn colours of many exotic tree species are the highlight of the park season. Old woods, orchards and grand old avenues follow and contribute to the special charm of the “Dycker Ländchen” in the midst of an area otherwise depleted of trees.

Schloss Dyck in the water

View over the water to the Baroque Bridge

Prospects in the park to the castle

European Garden Heritage Network, in a new window

Foundation informations